NOTE: All references
to page numbers in the following footnotes refer to pages
in the paperback edition of The Spirit of the Internet.
Chapter 3 · Conscious Evolution and the Evolution
1. Briefly stated, Chardin's Law of
Complexity and Consciousness holds that increasing complexity
always results in an increase in consciousness and vice versa.
2. Teilhard de Chardin's "The
Formation of the Noosphere," Revue des Questions Scientifiques
(Louvain), pp. 7-35, January 1947, found in Teilhard de Chardin's
The Future of Man, p. 174 (New York: Harper & Row,
3. Alvin Toffler's Powershift,
p. 18 (Bantam Books, 1990).
4. In the concluding chapters, I will
describe ways in which one can become a vigilant netizen.
5. See page 193 for a description of
the "anarchy" that rules the Internet.
6. Albert Hofmann, Ph.D., "Natural
Science and the Mystical World View," from Robert Forte's
(ed.) Entheogens and the Future of Religion, p. 51
(San Francisco: Council on Spiritual Practices, 1997).
7. For an intriguing discussion of
the amount of energy required to hold a single thought in
one's mind, see Adam McLean's Quantum Consciousness, found
8. The above description of a public
display of the powers of hypnotism is in no way meant to denigrate
hypnotherapy. For information about the medical uses of hypnosis
see the web site of The International Medical and Dental Hypnotherapy
Association at www.infinityinst.com/ aboutim.html.
9. For a detailed, but easily understood,
analysis of the laws of self-organization and complexity,
see Stuart Kauffman's At Home in the Universe (Oxford
University Press, 1995).
10. Amory B. Lovins and L. Hunter Lovins'
"A Tale of Two Botanies," Wired 8.04, p. 247, April
11. Bill Joy's "Why the Future
Doesn't Need Us," Wired 8.04, p. 248, April 2000.
Chapter 4 · The Internet as a Chaotic Attractor
1. Originally, mathematicians used
the term "strange attractor" when dealing with certain
aspects of probabilistic behavior. Today, most scientists
and mathematicians prefer the term "chaotic attractor."
2. Ralph Abraham, Terence McKenna,
and Rupert Sheldrake's Trialogues at the Edge of the West,
p. 3 (Santa Fe: Bear & Company, 1992).
3. Stuart Kauffman's At Home in
the Universe, p. 26 (Oxford University Press, 1995).
4. Ralph Abraham's Chaos, Gaia,
Eros, p. 60 (Harper San Francisco 1994).
5. Adam Combs' "Consciousness:
Chaotic and Strangely Attractive," found at http://www.goertzel.org/dynapsyc/1995/COMBS.html.
6. Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976) was
a German physicist, philosopher and Nobel laureate whose indeterminacy,
or uncertainty, principle has had a profound influence on
modern physics and philosophy.
7. As difficult as it may be for us
to accept a "quantum world," superstring
theory promises to reveal even greater strangeness.
8. Teilhard de Chardin's The Phenomenon
of Man, p. 281 (New York: Harper & Row, 1959).
9. Found at http://burningpixel.com/Baby/BabyMus1.htm.
10. John S. Bell's "On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen
Paradox," Physics 1, pp. 195-200, 1964.
11. Ray Kurzweil's The Age of Spiritual
Machines, p. 105 (New York: Viking, 1999).
12. John Major Jenkins' Mayan Cosmogenesis
2012, p. 22 (Santa Fe: Bear & Company, 1998).
13. Jenkins, p. 328.
14. See footnote 4
on page 196 of the "Addendum"
for a brief description of the work of Nicola Tesla.
15. Erik Davis' Techgnosis,
pp. 70-71 (Three Rivers Press, 1998).
16. Teilhard de Chardin's "The
Formation of the Noosphere," Revue des Questions Scientifiques
(Louvain), 7-35, January 1947, found in Teilhard de Chardin's
The Future of Man, p. 177 (New York: Harper & Row,
17. John Donne (1572-1631) was a poet,
prose writer, and clergyman, considered to be one of the greatest
of the metaphysical poets.
18. Vernor Vinge's "Technological
Singularity," Whole Earth Review, December 10, 1993.
19. Ray Kurzweil's "The Web Within
Us: Minds and Machines Become One," Business 2.0, pp.
173-175, December 1999.
20. Kevin Warwick's "Cyborg 1.0,"
Wired, p. 146, February 2000.
21. See footnote 2
on page 190 for a discussion of "good" and "bad"
22. For a clear and compelling description
of how we can expect to be living fifty years from now, see
George Johnson's "Only Connect," Wired 8.01, pp.
148-160, January, 2000.
Chapter 5 · Freedom in Cyberspace
1. Richard Glen Boire, Esq., is the
Executive Director of the Alchemind Society (www.alchemind.org)
and holds a Doctorate of Jurisprudence from the University
of California, Berkeley. He is an expert on constitutional
and criminal law, specializing in the jurisprudence of extraordinary
states of consciousness, dissident thinking, and shamanic
2. Richard Glen Boire's "On Cognitive
Liberty (Part I)," Journal of Cognitive Liberties Vol.
1, No. 1, p. 8, Winter 1999/2000.
3. National Plan for Information Systems
Protection Version 1.0, available at www.whitehouse.gov/WH/EOP/NSC/html/documents/npisp-execsummary-000105.pdf.
[Editor's note: As of February 7, 2002 this was no longer
a valid link.]
4. Found at www.deoxy.org/sciwarn.htm.
6. John Perry Barlow's "Declaration
of the Independence of Cyberspace" may be found at www.eff.org/pub/Publications/John_Perry_Barlow/
7. J.B.S. Haldane's "Daedalus
or Science and the Future," 1923, found at www.santafe.edu/~shalizi/Daedalus.html.
8. Alan Watts is best known for his
books and lectures about Zen and other Eastern philosophies.
Chapter 6 · Your Future in Cyberspace
1. This statement is not intended to
lessen the importance of the vast amount of work that went
into preparing the world's computer systems for the year 2000
rollover. Without the long hours and billions of dollars spent
in preparation, we would surely have experienced numerous
2. Nua Internet Surveys, Nua, Ltd.,
3. For example, at the end of its first
fifteen years of operations, the Bell Telephone Company had
installed fewer than 250,000 telephones in the United States.
4. Terence McKenna's The Archaic
Revival, p. 21 (Harper San Francisco, 1991).
5. Francesca Fremantle and Ch·gyam
Trungpa (translators), The Tibetan Book of the Dead,
p. 43 (Boston: Shambhala, 1987).
6. Elizabeth Arnold and Rod Beckstr·m's
Brainticklers II, p. 2 (San Francisco: Brainticklers
7. Arnold, Brainticklers II,
8. Ibid., p. 45.
9. Ibid., p. 77.
10. See Joseph Romm's "The Internet
Economy and Global Warming," December 1999, found at
http://www.cool-companies.org/ecom/pr.cfm for an interesting
study of the relationship between shipping methods and total
energy spent to deliver merchandise. [Editor's note: As of
February 7, 2002 this link was no longer active.]
11. See "Privacy Advocates Call
On Congress To Investigate "Cookiegate" at www.epic.org/privacy/internet/cookiegate_pr.html.
12. For an overview of the "Communications
Decency Act" see www.epic.org/CDA.
13. "Cashing free speech: Hatch
Feinstein Act tramples First Amendment," Editorial in
The Michigan Daily Online, August 9, 1999, found at www.pub.umich.edu.
14. Erik Davis' Techgnosis,
p. 263 (Three Rivers Press, 1998).
15. See page 199 for a description
of the activities of the IETF.
Chapter 7 · The Internet as a Cathedral
1. Mircea Eliade was educated as a
philosopher. He published extensively in the history of religions
and was editor-in-chief of Macmillan's Encyclopedia of Religion.
The influence of his thought, through these works and through
thirty years as director of the History of Religions department
at Chicago University, is considerable.
2. Teilhard Chardin's "The Formation
of the Noosphere," Revue des Questions Scientifiques
(Louvain), pp. 7-35, January 1947.
3. Nicolas Negroponte is a co-founder
and director of MIT's futuristic Media Laboratory.
4. Nicolas Negroponte's "Will
Everything Be Digital?," Time Magazine, p. 87, Volume
155, No. 25, June 19, 2000.
5. Stuart Kauffman's At Home in
the Universe, p. 90 (Oxford University Press, 1995).
6. Ibid. p. 90.
7. See http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~pister/SmartDust/
for a view of current device sizes and where they will be
in the near future.
8. Although these devices will most
likely be supported by proprietary networks, these networks,
in turn, will retrieve a significant portion of their content
from the public Internet.
9. Jeffrey Rosen's "Why Internet
Privacy Matters," The New York Times Magazine Section
6, p. 51, April 30, 2000, which is an excerpt from Jeffrey
Rosen's The Unwanted Gaze: The Destruction of Privacy in America
(Random House, 2000).
10. Information about locating and
joining Internet discussion groups may be found at www.matrixmasters.com.
11. "Current Turmoil May Be Spawning
a New Era," The Tarrytown Letter, p. 9, (Tarrytown, NY:
The Tarrytown Group, March 1981).
12. John Major Jenkins' Maya Cosmogenesis
2012, pp. 331-332 (Santa Fe: Bear & Company, 1998).
13. Terence McKenna's "Psychedelic
Society," found in Robert Forte's (ed.), Entheogens
and the Future of Religion (San Francisco: Council on
Spiritual Practices, 1997).
14. For an interesting discussion of
what such a singularity might entail, see Eliezer S. Yudkowski's
"Staring Into The Singularity," found at www.singinst.org/singularity.html.
15. Regarding the "next Internet,"
on May 29, 1998, in his keynote speech at "The Marshall
Symposium," Vinton Cerf said, "And it is time now
to start designing the interplanetary Internet. And I can
tell you, it's already begun. I've started work with the Jet
Propulsion Laboratory on a design for such a system, and we
hope that we will get our work done in time for those colonies
to show up in 25 years time and be on the interplanetary Internet"
1. R. Buckminster Fuller's work to provide
sustainable development around the globe is now being carried
on in part by the Global
Energy Network Institute, GENI. Details of their strategy
and programs may be found at www.geni.org.
2. R. Buckminster Fuller's Critical
Path, pp. xxv-xxvi (St. Martin's Press, 1981).
The Art of Steven Rooke
1. Ralph Abraham is a writer, lecturer,
and Professor of Mathematics at the University of California
at Santa Cruz. He has been active on the research frontier
of dynamics in mathematics since 1960, and in applications
and experiments since 1973. He has been a consultant on chaos
theory and its applications in numerous fields (medical physiology,
ecology, mathematical economics, psychotherapy, etc.) and
is an active editor for the technical journals World Futures,
and the International Journal of Bifurcations and Chaos.
2. Rupert Sheldrake is a biologist and
author. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry from Cambridge
and studied philosophy at Harvard. Dr. Sheldrake has conducted
extensive field work and has carried out research on the development
of plants and the aging of cells. His book Seven Experiments
that Could Change the World received the Best Book of
the Year Award from the British Institute for Social Inventions
and was selected in 1998 as one of the 150 works in the Utne
Reader Loose Canon: "Great Works To Set Your Imagination
3. A detailed description of Steven Rooke's
process for creating evolutionary art may be found at http://www.azstarnet.com/~srooke/
1. Arthur C. Clarke, one of the most
celebrated science fiction authors of our time and the author
of more than sixty books, published his first three "laws"
of technology in the now out-of-print Profiles of the Future:
an Inquiry into the Limits of the Possible.
2. It may come as a surprise to some
readers to learn that there are both "good," or
ethical, and "bad," or unethical, hackers. Many
companies today hire ethical hackers who attempt to circumvent
existing security barriers looking for weaknesses that can
be shored up before they are discovered by unethical hackers
who seek only to cause damage and try to steal valuable information.
Before the widespread deployment of the Internet, the word
"hacker" generally carried a more positive connotation
than it does today. Originally, the term was used to describe
a computer professional who was the master of her of his technological
3. Teilhard de Chardin's The Future
of Man, (Norman Denny, translator), p. 32 (New York: Harper
& Row, 1964).
4. Nicola Tesla was an electrical genius
without whose work our world would be very different today.
At beginning of the 20th century, Tesla was perhaps the world's
best known scientist. He was one of the first researchers
to discover/investigate X-rays, the vacuum tube amplifier,
radio, fluorescent bulbs, neon lights, the speedometer, the
automobile ignition system, and the basics behind radar, the
electron microscope, and the microwave oven. Tesla obtained
patents for many other devices as well, including many of
the fundamental patents for alternating current motors. Without
Tesla's determined stand against the unscrupulous behavior
of the powerful Thomas Edison, we might well be living in
a dimly lighted world of DC power. His pioneering work on
the mysteries of resonance has never been equaled, and much
of it has been lost.
5. See "Help
Save Free Speech" on page 127 for a discussion of
current, and very serious, government attempts to eliminate
free speech on the Internet.
6. Alvin Toffler's Power Shift,
p. 8 (Bantam Books, 1990).
7. Network Working Group, RFC-3, found
8. There are many places on the Internet
to find listings of RFC. One good place to begin your search
is on the RFC Editor's Home Page, which may be found at www.rfc-editor.org/.
9. This is an admittedly simplified overview
if the IETF. Detailed information about this organization
is available at their official web site, which may be found
10. The reason most businesses are happy
with this process is that, in general, the members of the
IETF work for corporations, which are willing and able to
pay the travel expenses of their representatives to the task
force. Viewed from this perspective, of course, one could
also argue that business enterprises are ultimately in control
of the Internet.
11. An excellent place to begin your
involvement with free speech issues on the Internet is at
the web site of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, which
may be found at www.eff.org/.
12. Don Tapscott's Growing Up Digital,
p. 56 (McGraw-Hill, 1998.
13. Ibid., pp. 69-70).